A Comprehensive Journey into the Design of Electric MotorsManali Sakurkar2024-01-23T11:12:28+00:00
Electric motors, often overlooked despite being the quiet force driving numerous devices and machinery, undergo a fascinating design process rooted in the realms of both electrical and mechanical engineering. This blog takes you on an in-depth exploration, uncovering the intricacies involved in crafting electric motor design that are not only efficient and powerful but also reliable.
Powered by DC or AC sources, electric motors vary in construction, application, and motion output. They can be brushed or brushless, single-phase or three-phase, axial or radial flux, and may use air or liquid cooling. This blog offers a concise glimpse into the intricate world of electric motors, highlighting their efficiency, power, and reliability.
Parts of Electric Motor and How it works:
An electric motor design comprises a stationary stator and a rotating rotor as primary mechanical elements. The magnetic circuit is formed by connecting two electrical components – magnets and an armature. Field magnets, often permanent or electromagnets, are pivotal for generating a magnetic field. While the standard setup places the field magnet on the stator and the winding on the rotor, certain motor types reverse this arrangement for design flexibility.
Within this construction, field magnets play a crucial role in generating a magnetic field that passes through the winding. These magnets can either be permanent or electromagnets. Typically, the field magnet is situated on the stator, and the winding is located on the rotor. However, it’s important to note that in certain motor types, this arrangement is reversed, with the field magnet positioned on the rotor and the winding on the stator. This flexibility in design allows for variations to suit different motor configurations.
Parts of Electric Motor: